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EU Low Voltage Directive - 2014/35/EU

Ferry Vermeulen Declaration of Conformity

The CE marking directive for low voltage items help exporters in their trade by helping them understand the requirements for certification of healthy and safe Low Voltage items as per European Union legislation.

Products Covered:

The directive 2014/35/EU covers all the electrical items with an input or output of alternating current voltage between 50 and 1000 V or direct current voltage between 75 and 1500 V.

Legal Directive:

A new directive for low voltage products 2014/35/EU has been published recently to conform to the New Legislation Framework. The new and amended legal directive can be viewed here:

http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32014L0035&from=EN

Notified Body Requirements:

The directive 2014/35/EU requires manufacturers to ensure a safe and environmentally healthy item for the European market, but does not require specific notified bodies to assess the electrical equipment.

Examples of Products Covered:

  • Electrical appliances
  • Hand-held electrical home appliances
  • 230 V socket outlets
  • Travel adapters
  • Lighting equipment
  • Cables and wires

Examples of Products NOT Covered:

  • Electrical equipment to be used for radiology and medical procedures
  • Electrical equipment for explosives
  • Electricity meters
  • Plug and socket outlets
  • Electrical equipment for goods and passenger lifts
  • Radio-electrical interference

Enforcement and Penalties:

Low Voltage Electrical Equipment (Safety) Regulations 1994  is responsible for the implementation of this directive in the UK.

The enforcement of this directive in UK for household equipment falls under the responsibility of Trading Standards Service while for workplace equipment is the responsibility of Health and Safety Executive.

The manufacturers may be penalized with three months of imprisonment with /without a £20,000 fine for not complying with the Regulations. Mostly, the authorities ask the manufacturer to replace the equipment, but the authorities can prohibit or suspend sale of any equipment against which they have reasonable evidence of non-compliance. The penalties may be greater if the failure to comply with Regulations result in violation of other legislations as well, such as Consumer Protection Act.

CE Marking Process for the Low Voltage Directive:

  1. Protection Requirements: The Directive’s protection requirements ask the manufacturer that the equipment be safe; to mention the manufacturer’s name, address and instructions about the safe use of the equipment on the packaging.

  2. Contents of the Declaration of Conformity: The Declaration of Conformity must contain the following information:
    • Manufacturer’s name and address
    • The equipment’s description
    • Reference to relevant harmonized standards
    • Reference to the specifications, where necessary, with which the conformity is declared
    • Details of the signatory
    • Two ending digits of the year of marking the CE affix
  3. Technical Documentation: The technical file should, at least, contain the following:
    • Equipment’s general description
    • Basic design and manufacturing drawings, sketches of the circuits, components etc. with their descriptions
    • A list of the applied harmonized standards
    • Results of the calculations and tests carried out on it
    • Reports of the tests
  4. Affixing CE Marking: When all the necessary steps have been taken, it is time to get the product affixed with a CE marking. The marking should be placed either on the equipment, packaging or instructions. The letters must be vertically equal in dimensions and must not be smaller 5 millimeters. If there are other Directives which cover the product as well, the CE marking must be affixed only when all the Directives have been met.

Declaration of Conformity Template for the Low Voltage Directive:

For a more detailed overview of the Declaration of Conformity, as well as a free template for the Low Voltage Directive, please view this page (for the template, scroll down to the directive download marked "EU LVD"):

http://instrktiv.com/en/declaration-of-conformity/

Related Directives:

Some of the products that are covered by Low Voltage Directive may or may not be covered by these directives:

Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive, Ecodesign Directive, Medical Devices Directive, Machinery Directive, Atex Directive (for equipment used in explosive atmospheres), RED Directive (for radio and telecommunication directive)

Useful links:

For additional information, these links will be helpful.

General EU electrical regulation: https://ec.europa.eu/growth/sectors/electrical-engineering_en

Safety approval lab tests: http://www.safetylink.com/

Harmonized standards: http://ec.europa.eu/growth/single-market/european-standards/harmonised-standards/low-voltage/